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СПРАВОЧНЫЙ МАТЕРИАЛ к Отчету органов исполнительной власти Республики Саха (Якутия) о работе в 2009 году Выпуск 3 (2 часть) ТРАНСПОРТ. СВЯЗЬ УЛУСЫ РЕСПУБЛИКИ. ТРАНСПОРТ И СВЯЗЬ НАИБОЛЕЕ ВСТРЕЧАЮЩИЕСЯ ПРОБЛЕМНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ ПО ОТРАСЛЯМ ТРАНСПОРТ И СВЯЗЬ ПО ИТОГАМ 2009 ГОДА Якутск 2010 СОДЕРЖАНИЕ Улусы республики. Транспорт и связь ...............................3 Наиболее встречающиеся проблемные вопросы по отраслям Транспорт и Связь по итогам 2009года .......................80 © Администрация Президента и Правительства Республики Саха (Якутия), 2010 2 НАМСКИЙ УЛУС Населенные пункты с. Намцы с.Сыгыннах с.Бютяй-Юрдя с.Ымыяхтах с.Кюренг-Ат с.Харыялах с.Тумул с.Никольский с.Партизан с.Хонгор-Бие с.Ергёлёх с.Булус с.Фрунзе с.Крест-Кытыл с.Аппаны с.Графский Берег с. Кысыл-Деревня с.Столбы с.Маймага с.Кысыл-Сыр с.Хатас с.Воин с.Тарагай-Бясь с.Юнер-Олох Расстояние до центра улуса, км центр 75 11 32 25 50 20 10 17 72 65 77 42 5 4 7 6 35 42 22 15 20 18 20 Отделения почтовой связи + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Пункт коллективного доступа в Интернет + + + + + + Численность населения по данным ТО ФСГС по РС(Я) на 01.01.2009 года составляет 22612 человек. Плотность населения - 1,9 чел. на км2. Расстояние от с. Намцы до г. Якутска - 84 км. НАМСКИЙ УЛУС Легковые автомобили Грузовые автомобили Автобусы Всего автомобилей, единиц Автомобильный транспорт Количество автотранспортных средств Всего ТС в том числе: ТС юридических лиц ТС физических лиц. 1848 276 1572 436 193 243 182 42 140 2466 511 1955 За 2009 год по данным Мониторинга основных показателей экономики районов и городов Республики Саха (Якутия) Территориального органа Федеральной службы государственной статистики по РС(Я) перевезено грузов 474,3 тыс.тонн - 157,8 % к прошлому году, грузооборот составил 10936,4 тыс.тонно-км.(104,0 %). Улус занимает 21 место в республике по грузообороту. Пассажиров перевезено 155,0 тыс.пассажиров - 94,3 % к прошлому году, пассажирооборот составил 12742,4 тыс.пасс.км. - 91,9 % к прошлому году За период ...


ПОЛОЖЕНИЕ о проведении ежегодной международной просветительской акции Географический диктант Москва, 2018 г. 1. Общие положения 1.1. Настоящее положение определяет порядок и условия проведения ежегодной международной просветительской акции Географический диктант (далее - Диктант). 1.2. Организатором Диктанта является Всероссийская общественная организация Русское географическое общество (далее - РГО, Общество). 1.3. Общее руководство подготовкой, проведением и подведением итогов Диктанта осуществляет Организационный комитет, оперативное руководство - Рабочая группа. Составы Оргкомитета и Рабочей группы формируются из числа представителей РГО, организаций-партнёров и организаций-исполнителей. 1.4. Задания Диктанта разрабатываются авторским коллективом, состав которого формируется Рабочей группой из числа представителей профильных образовательных и научных учреждений, а также специализированных организаций, имеющих опыт разработки интеллектуальных игр. 1.5. Задания Диктанта проходят обязательную экспертизу. Состав экспертной комиссии, формируемой из числа профессиональных географов, определяется Рабочей группой. По итогам экспертизы авторский коллектив при необходимости корректирует задания. 1.6. Диктант проводится на площадках во всех субъектах Российской Федерации и в зарубежных странах. 1.7. Информационную поддержку оказывают международные, федеральные и региональные СМИ. 1.8. Полная информация о Диктанте размещается на сайте http://dictant.rgo.ru (далее - Сайт Диктанта). 2. Цель, задачи и принципы проведения Диктанта 2.1. Диктант проводится с целью популяризации географических знаний и повышения интереса к географии России среди населения. 2.2. Задачами Диктанта являются: - предоставление возможности жителям России и зарубежных стран принять участие в интеллектуальном соревновании по географии и узнать свой результат; 2 - мотивация различных слоев населения к изучению географии родной страны, знание которой является неотъемлемой составляющей образованного человека ...


Eurasia 2018 - Евразия 2018 4 Eyll'de al yaplan programda 77 lkeden 800 kiinin katlm gerekleti. Her gnn ayr bir ad olduu programda sabahlar devlet ve farkl kurumlardan yneticilerin yapt katlmla genel seminerler dzenlendi. lenden sonra ise gnlllk, Rusann dier lkelerde kullanm, eitim gibi alanlarla syleiler yapld. Akamlar ise her gn farkl bir etkinlik (Eurasia Kprs, spor etkinlikleri, Dubrovski mzikali, Pukin medyan gezisi, ve Pobeda parknda savata lenler iin tren, her lke temsilcisinin katlm ile lke adna aa dikimi) dzenlendi. Tm etkinliklerde ikili ilikiler kurarak Trkiye'deki ileyi hakknda bilgi verildik. Trkiye'ye programda ilgi ok fazla idi, neredeyse her lkeden katlmc yanmza gelerek bizle tanp fotoraf ektirdi, ayrca bir ok kii ile iletiim bilgilerimizi paylaarak lkemize davet ettik. Program en st seviyede hazrlanm ve en ince detaylarna kadar dnlerek katlmclarn rahat etmesini salamtr. lk gnlk programlar bize dattklarnda bu kadar youn programa 7 gnn ok fazla olduunu dndm ama program sonunda bu programn en az iki hafta olmas gerektii kanaatine vardm. nmzdeki sene programa lkemizden daha fazla katlmcnn salanmasyla daha aktif ve daha verimli almalar yapabileceimiz bir forum olacan dnyorum.


REPORT ON THE ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL VISIT TO PERM (RUSSIA) FORUM "THE WORLD IN THE XXI CENTURY THROUGH THE EYES OF YOUTH" (FROM 7th TO 10th, SEPTEMBER, 2018) By ADNAN SEYAZ, ISTANBUL 14 September 2018 I. Introduction Adnan Seyaz, born in 1987, a research assistant working at Kirklareli University (Turkey) and PhD student at Marmara University in Istanbul, Turkey. His background encompasses two main domains in academic research, (i) democratization in Balkans and (ii) Post-Soviet transformation. He has been working as a researcher for ten years in the field of political science and international relations from 2008 to 2018. II. Purpose of the Visit The purpose of the visit is to participate in lecture by Andrei Klimov, Deputy Chairman of the Committee of the Federation Council, and discuss with other participants on `The World in XXI. Century: Threats and Challenges'. Since this visit is a part of the Youth Forum in Perm, one of the other purposes of the visit was to participate in lectures, exhibitions and social activities organized by Perm Municipality, and share the atmosphere created by more than 20 participants from more than 15 countries in Europe and Asia. The participants also targeted to reach a consensus on a youth declaration addressing the security and peace in wider Europe. As a call to both European and Asian state authorities, participants aimed at making European and Asian authorities to start a new initiative on the security and peace in wider Europe. III. The Achievements During three days of academic and social visit in the city of Perm, he gains the main achievements as follows: He met more than 20 people from more than 15 countries in the first day of the visit and had free time to wander around the city center. This period gave him the chance of visiting Perm Art Museum together with both Russian and other participants from different countries. As a beginning step of the three day forum, he believed that this meeting became a very important step ...


First of all, I am very happy to attend Eurasia-2018 International Youth Educational Forum. Thanks to the Forum, I had the chance to meet new friends and learn about different cultures. During the forum period, all volunteers and participants were very kind and understanding and tried to help us with everything. Everywhere we went security measures were taken before we arrived. The meals were prepared in a way that everyone could eat, and most of the time they were traditional dishes. Speakers were competent in their fields. Forum language was russian, but interpreters were always helpful for those who do not understand. Through the Forum I have had the opportunity to meet people from Russia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Belarus, Estonia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Serbia and Bosnia and get to know their culture. The absence of the Turkish flag at the Closing Ceremony of my friends from Turkey and was very upset our Azerbaijani brothers. We talked to the authorities about this issue and expressed our sadness and anger. It makes me happy to know that one week I spent in Orenburg gives me new perspectives and that I have friends all over the country at the moment.


CLARREO National Aeronautics and Space Administration Eliminating Doubt in the Climate Observation and Modeling System Observing, tracking, and modeling Earth's climate system are by far some of the most complex undertakings human have ever attempted. Newsworthy examples like weather-related natural disasters, flooding from intense rainfall, and changes in crop growing patterns from temperature fluctuations are becoming more frequent, raising questions about how climate change is already affecting people around the world, both physically and financially. Our understanding is that over time, climate change is likely to increase the frequency of such extreme heat and rainfall events. Policy makers, governments and businesses need to make informed decisions in response to climate change based on accurate, tested, and trusted climate measurements. SUMMARY What's missing from the current Earth Observation System? We need high accuracy direct observations over a long enough time to detect climate change trends and to test and systematically improve predictions. CLARREO can meet this need. The CLARREO mission will be the first space-based laboratory to measure the Earth while continually verifying the measurements against International Standards. This verification process will improve the accuracy of the whole climate measurement system by allowing for intercalibration of many of the existing climate measurements. CLARREO will produce a benchmark of the Earth's climate, providing a standard that can be confidently compared with measurements of climate change 5, 10, 20, even 50 years after the mission's launch. CLARREO provides the cornerstone of future climate observations and is a mission that: 1. Has significant value to the world economy CLARREO's economic value to the world economy by accelerating the ability to make informed policy decisions about climate change has been estimated using the U.S. Interagency Memo of the Social Cost of Carbon (2010) at ~$20 Trillion for ...


ESTIMATING INTERCALIBRATION UNCERTAINTIES DUE TO POLARIZATION DANIEL GOLDIN (SSAI), CONSTANTINE LUKASHIN (NASA-LARC), WENBO SUN (SSAI) Daniel Goldin CLARREO SDT Mee,ng, Hampton, VA OVERVIEW · Mo,va,on: · reflectance measurements need to be corrected for polariza,on effects · uncertainty due to polariza,on contributes to overall intercalibra,on uncertainty · Extending the work done by C. Lukashin et al. [IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. V. 51, No.3, 2013] · 12 days of PARASOL data for clear and cloudy scenes over water bodies · Constructed Polariza,on Distribu,on Models (PDMs) and es,mated uncertain,es due to polariza,on effects. Uncertain,es need to be limited to 0.3% over climate autocorrela,on ,me period (0.8 years) · Current work: Processed en,re volume of 2006 PARASOL data · Wrote readers (C++) to process Level-1 and Level-2 PARASOL data · Created a subset of data (ROOT ntuples) filled only with variables of interest (SZA, VZA, tau, etc.). Now able to process the en,re 2006 dataset in ~ 10-30 min on SunGrid · Constructed PDMs for clear sky ocean scenes · Used PDMs to look at resul,ng intercalibra,on accuracy 2 10/28/14 Daniel Goldin DEGREE OF POLARIZATION P P as measured by POLDER/PARASOL Polarized reflectance Polarized radiance Stokes parameters (i.t.o. intensi,es) where Total reflectance Total radiance Calculated P (single scaDering approximaHon) Single Rayleigh scaeering [Tilstra, Schutgens, Stammes 2003] CLARREO SDT Mee,ng, Hampton, VA Lamber,an surface component (depolarizing component) where = scaeering angle: f(, , 0) and '= anisotropy correc,on factors A = surface albedo M = 1/cos + 1/cos0 factor related to airmass traversed by photons s = atmosphere op,cal depth: f() 3 10/28/14 Daniel Goldin CLARREO SDT Mee,ng, Hampton, VA POLARIZATION EXAMPLE: MODIS Degree of polariza,on for 15 Terra and Aqua MODIS bands: [J-Q Sun, X. Xiong, 2007] Typical P ~ 0.01-0.02. As high at ~0.04 for some bands. 4 10/28/14 Daniel Goldin P PDM'S FOR CLEAR SKY OVER OCEAN (IGBP = ...


Evaluating Climate Requirements for Cloud Properties and Shortwave Reflectance Yolanda Shea (ne Roberts)1, Bruce Wielicki1, Xu Liu1, Daniel Feldman3, Daniel Goldin2, Susan Kizer2 ,Sunny Sun-Mack2, Pat Minnis2,Mark Zelinka4 1NASA Langley Research Center 2Science Systems and Applications, Inc. 3Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 4Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Spring 2017 CLARREO SDT Meeting Two Updates: ICF and Cloud Property-Based Requirements 1. Information Content Framework 1. SCIAMACHY & OSSE Comparison 2. OSSE Century-long analysis 2. Cloud Property-Driven Climate Change Accuracy Requirements · Globally averaged cloud type studies · For decadal-scale, global (climate-scale) trends how much does the instrument uncertainty delay trend detection times? Two Updates: ICF and Cloud Property-Based Requirements 1. Information Content Framework 1. SCIAMACHY & OSSE Comparison 2. OSSE Century-long analysis 2. Cloud Property-Driven Climate Change Accuracy Requirements · Globally averaged cloud type studies · For decadal-scale, global (climate-scale) trends how much does the instrument uncertainty delay trend detection times? Information Content Framework I ( xn ) = log2 ! # " 1 p(xn ) $ & % = - log2 ( p( xn )) Self-Information for one spectrum out of N total spectra. N - p(xn )log2 ( p(x n )) I (X ) = E[- log2 ( p(xn ))] = n=1 N p(xn ) Expected value normalized by "total probability" gives the average data set entropy. n=1 Generalized Formula: SelfInformation for an entire data set composed of N spectra. SCIAMACHY & OSSE Resampling Applying IC analysis to OSSE CMIP3 and SCIAMACHY reflectance · Monthly Averages · 2003-2010 · Resampled spectrally and spatially and considered at variety of uncertainty levels 5 SCIA & OSSE, 2003-2010: 5.625° Grid · Is this a physical difference between the SCIA & OSSE data or instrument-based from SCIAMACHY? SCIA & OSSE, 2003-2010: 30° Zonal Averages · Differences due to SCIA instrument artifacts more prominent for larger spatial ...


Characterization of a Highly Emissive 10- to 100-Micron Blackbody H.M. Latvakoski, D.K. Scott, M. Watson, G.E. Bingham, M.D. Wojcik Space Dynamics Laboratory, Logan, UT [email protected] Introduction Fully characterized blackbodies are essential for calibrating instruments under test because they transfer calibration standards such as radiance responsivity to the instrument. Characterization of a blackbody requires a sound understanding of the blackbody design, its emissivity, temperature monitoring and stability. SDL has developed a Long Wave Infra-Red Calibration Source (LWIRCS) to be used in the calibration of instruments in the 10 to 100 micron range. LWIRCS was first used to calibrate the FIRST (Far InfraRed Spectroscopy of the Troposphere) instrument with great success. The design forces any ray entering the blackbody at near normal incidence to encounter a minimum of six surfaces before exiting. The calculated cavity emissivity is 0.9997 over most of the wavelength range with a minimum of 0.9984. LWIRCS Design · 3 levels of cooling available · Liquid nitrogen heat exchanger included · 100 W heaters on heater plate, 250 W on shroud, additional 200 W (uncontrolled) on outer cylinder · Uses 8 PRTs to cover full range · 2 thermistors also included · ~1:30 to raise temperature 20 K LWIRCS Results LWIRCS Figure 1. FIRST under calibration with the LWIRCS blackbody. The calibrated radiance response of the FIRST sensor to data collected with the LWIRCS at various temperatures is shown in Figure 2A, below. The structure on the radiance curves is the result of errors in the relative response function due to small values in the responsivity curves where the beamsplitter transmission is low. In Figure 2B the spectral (brightness) temperature response curves resulting from applying the inverse Planck function to the curves in 2A, showing the temperature of the source. A B W avenumber (cm-1) Wavenumber (cm-1) Figure 2. FIRST data collected with LWIRCS at various ...


April 22, 2016 Pathfinder Mission for CLARREO Science Team Lead: Bruce A. Wielicki, NASA LaRC, Hampton, VA The Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) is a Tier 1 mission recommended by the NRC Decadal Survey 2007.1 The foundation of CLARREO is the ability to produce highly accurate climate records to test climate projections in order to improve models and enable sound policy decisions. The CLARREO mission accomplishes this critical objective through accurate SI-traceable decadal observations that are sensitive to many of the key climate parameters such as radiative forcings, climate responses, and feedbacks.2 Uncertainties in these parameters drives uncertainty in current climate model projections. In 2016, the CLARREO project received funding for a Pathfinder mission to demonstrate essential measurement technologies required for the full mission. The allocated funds support the flight of a Reflected Solar (RS) spectrometer, hosted on the International Space Station (ISS) in the 2020 time frame. The key features of the CLARREO Pathfinder (CPF) mission - integration of CPF payload with the ExPA, slotted on the ExPRESS logistics carrier (ELC-1). The CPF is a Class D mission with 1 year of operations on orbit and 1 year for analysis of acquired data. CLARREO Pathfinder RS inter-Calibration The CPF provides high accuracy spectral reflectance and radiance measurements enabled by an RS spectrometer operating between 350 - 2300 nm contiguous spectral coverage (> 95% of reflected energy) with uncertainty < 0.5% broadband and < 1% spectral (k = 2)3. The RS spectrometer will be capable of pointing to the moon and sun for calibration, as well as tracking time and angle matched observations when used for reference inter-calibration of other radiometers as shown in Figure above. The CPF RS spectrometer will provide Earth nadir observations between 52 N and 52 S latitude with full diurnal cycle sampling in approximately 1 month. The CPF will ...

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